During the past four years, the Middle East and North
Africa, in particular the countries experiencing what is known as the “Arab Spring,” have followed
very different paths in the process of transitioning from authoritarian rule to regimes more closely
representing the will of the people.
The Tunisian experience in the four
years following “the revolution of freedom and dignity” has been marked by seismic political and
social developments, making it a subject of constant interest to observers and political analysts of
the “Arab Spring” seeking to understand the causes underlying the peacefulness of the Tunisian
This paper attempts to analyze the most significant
developments in Tunisia in recent years, focusing on the phenomenon of severe political polarization
that has dominated the various stages of the transition from decades of authoritarian rule to a
nascent political regime based o...